On the elbows we lack sebaceous glands, which are responsible for producing fat to keep the skin supple and protect it from drying out. This means that the skin on the elbows is already naturally somewhat drier than the rest of the body.
Compared to other parts of the body, the elbows experience particular mechanical stress. Frequent propping up when writing, reading or thinking causes pressure and shear forces that result in greater keratinization and thickening of the skin. As a result, the skin on the elbows feels rough and dry.
Our hormones regulate the activity of the sebaceous glands. For example, an overproduction of sebum is not uncommon during puberty. During pregnancy and menopause, hormonal fluctuations also have a strong effect on the skin’s appearance. With increasing age, hormone and sebum production decreases, which is why the skin – and thus also elbows – usually becomes drier.
Lifestyle also has a major influence on our skin appearance. Smoking stimulates keratinization processes via nicotine receptors in the skin in certain areas of the body, which can then lead to skin thickening and dryness. Occupational or recreational activities that lead to mechanical irritation of the skin at the elbow can also influence the skin’s appearance.
Cold causes the skin to dry out, for example on the elbows, as the sebaceous glands produce less sebum and the skin thus loses moisture.
Indoors, the air is often too dry, especially in winter. This in turn dries out the skin, especially the areas that hardly contain any sebaceous glands, i.e. hands, lips or elbows.
Water, especially hot water dries out the skin due to the lime content (If you want to learn more about the influence of lime-containing water on the skin click here). In combination with degreasing soaps and shower gels, a lot of moisture is removed from the skin.
Therefore, it is better to take a short, lukewarm shower and preferably use moisturizing shower gels. In addition, apply a moisturizing body lotion directly after showering.
Clothing made of wool or synthetic fabrics with chemical additives can irritate sensitive skin and thus promote dry skin. Especially in the cold season, we wear long-sleeved clothes that fit at the elbows. Therefore, if you have sensitive skin, you should choose soft cotton clothing.
If dryness and itching are accompanied by swelling and pronounced redness, it is advisable to consult a dermatologist, because sometimes not only dry skin but also skin diseases such as contact eczema, neurodermatitis or psoriasis can be behind the above symptoms. If the symptoms occur more frequently or do not improve, the cause should be clarified by a doctor.
You have also noticed that your facial skin is drier than usual in winter? Or do your hands tend to be chapped during the winter months? Fortunately, there is not only a very simple explanation for this, but also three simple tips that you can use to combat dry skin in winter.
Dryness on the legs, rough knees or scaly shins are not only unpleasant, but also indicate that the skin in these areas lacks moisture and care. But what exactly is the cause of rough and dry skin on the legs and what can you do to restore enough moisture to the dried-out skin? Learn tips and tricks on how to avoid dry skin on your legs.
In the following article you will learn more about the causes of dry elbows and how you can best prevent them. Causes can include hormones, lifestyle, dry air and clothing material.
The skin protects the body from external influences. But the skin itself also needs protection: the skin's microbiome is responsible for this.
Feeling good in our own skin - that's what we all want. However, when the skin on your face is taut and itchy, it's not that easy. To change this, we reveal the causes of dryness on the face and simple care tips with which you can rebuild the skin's protective barrier.
The skin disease atopic ekzema affects 15-20% of children and 5-10% of adults in Europe. In the following article you will learn more about signs, symptoms and treatment options for atopic ekzema.